Diabetes: Definition & Types

Diabetes: Definition & Types

Learn about diabetes and discover the importance of lifestyle changes in diabetes health

  • What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014.

  • Types of diabetes:
  1. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease.
  2. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin.
  3. Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal.
  4. Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy.

The National Health Services (NHS) states that common diabetes symptoms include increased hunger, increased thirst, weight disorder, frequent urination, blurry vision, extreme fatigue, and sores that don’t heal easily.

  • Causes of diabetes:
  1. Type 1 diabetes: The immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
  2. Type 2 diabetes: Genetics and lifestyle factors such as being overweight or obese.
  3. Gestational diabetes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Managing diabetes is crucial to prevent further health complications. Lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, are essential for managing diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and following a balanced diet can help.

Remember, when it comes to matters of health, consulting your doctor is always the best course of action. They possess the expertise to guide you on your journey to a healthier and happier life.

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