Food Poisoning: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Food Poisoning: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Food poisoning leads to several symptoms. Learn more about its symptoms, treatment, prevention, and when to see a doctor.

Food poisoning is a type of food-borne illness that arises from consuming contaminated or spoiled food containing infectious agents like bacteria, viruses, or toxins. The symptoms of food poisoning may vary depending on the type of illness you have contracted. Some of the most common symptoms include nausea, disrupted appetite, fever, abdominal cramps, fatigue, weakness, diarrhea, headaches, and vomiting.

According to WHO, “Food poisoning outbreaks can be prevented by ensuring that food is safely prepared and stored, and that food handlers are trained in safe food handling practices.” Food poisoning can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can make their way into the food we eat. Therefore, it’s essential to take preventative measures to avoid food poisoning.

If you experience persistent diarrhea lasting more than three days, high fever, dehydration, blurred vision, blood in the urine, bloody diarrhea, or bloody vomit, and severe abdominal pain and cramps, it’s crucial to see a doctor immediately.

As NIH referred, when it comes to treatment, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial food poisoning, and to combat dehydration, electrolytes, intravenous fluids and salts are given to rehydrate the body. Mild cases can be treated with home remedies for food poisoning, including over-the-counter medications. Drinking lots of fluids, avoiding fatty, spicy, and fried foods, and eating easily digestible foods can help patients recover from food poisoning.

Here are some bullet points outlining how to prevent food poisoning:

  • Exercise caution when preparing and storing food
  • Cook foods like meats thoroughly, and avoid eating them raw
  • Wash your hands before cooking and eating food
  • Store food at the right temperature to prevent contamination

In conclusion, taking preventative measures and practicing safe food handling practices can prevent food poisoning. If you experience severe symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.

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